Assignment Problem Part-1 By Tejashree Actress

1. Uthama Puthiran (1958 film) – Uthama Puthiran is a 1958 Indian Tamil historical fiction film directed by Tatineni Prakash Rao. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini and M. N. Nambiar in the roles, while K. A. Thangavelu, Ragini. It is the first film to feature Sivaji Ganesan in two distinct roles, the film was released on 7 February 1958, and ran for over 100 days in theatres. The film was released in Telugu as Veera Prathap and in Hindi as Sitamgar. Uthama Puthiran is the story of a queen who gives birth to twins, but as fate would have it, one of the twins is forcefully abandoned and grows up elsewhere. He grows up as a kind and honest man, while the other grows up as a greedy. When fate brings both the twins together and they start fighting, it is only their mother who can bring peace, the films plot is loosely based on Alexander Dumas The Man in the Iron Mask. It is the second Tamil film to be based on the novel after the 1940 film of the same name. In the kingdom of Malarpuri, the queen delivers a male child and her brother Naganathan replaces it with a dead child with help from a maidservant, and informs king Varaguna Pandiyan that the newborn is dead. To Naganathans surprise, the queen gives birth to another boy soon after delivering the first, minister Gunaseelar arrives by then and the king is informed of the birth of two children, one dead and one alive. Everyone is happy that at least one is alive, Naganathan decides to kill the first infant and hands it over to his servant Somappa. However, Somappa and his wife raise the prince in a forest, the crown prince is Vikraman and his identical twin in the forest is Parthiban. On his deathbed, the king appoints Naganathan as the guardian of crown prince Vikraman, to achieve his objective of ruling the country, Naganathan brings up Vikraman with all vices and does not allow him to bond with his mother. On the other hand, Parthiban grows up to become a valiant warrior under the guidance of Somappa, after the king’s death, Vikraman ascends the throne and hands over administrative controls to Naganathan, who indulges in all kind of looting by levying more taxes. Parthiban comes out of forest and saves the minister’s daughter Amudhavalli when her chariot goes out of control and they fall in love, and he starts visiting her palace late in the night. Amudha encounters Vikraman, who looks similar to Parthiban, but does not disclose this to anyone, Vikraman likes her and tells Naganathan to fix his marriage with her. Amudha does not accept when Vikraman’s mother comes with the proposal, one night, the soldiers notice Parthiban getting into the palace and they reach Amudha’s room. She makes him escape by making him wear Vikraman’s costume, while leaving, he meets his mother, but pretends to be Vikraman

2. Uthamaputhiran (2010 film) – Uthama Puthiran is a 2010 Indian Tamil-language romantic comedy film directed by Mithran Jawahar. The film received reviews from critics and ended up as a commercial success among 2010 Deepavali releases along with Mynaa. The movie was dubbed in Hindi as Rakhwala No.1, Siva is a happy-go-lucky young boy in a large family. The head of family are 3 brothers. One of the brothers is the father of Siva, Siva studies from a hostel away from home. He is always helpful and always comes in when others need him, in one of his obliging acts he helps his cousin Kalpana to elope with her lover against the familys choice. This aggravates the family and they are asked to all about him. On another occasion, he is asked to help a friend in a love marriage, Siva kidnaps Pooja on a mistaken identity from the marriage hall. When Pooja is kidnapped, her uncles and their henchmen follow them, Pooja while on the run tells Siva that she wasn’t interested in the wedding and her uncles are forcing her marriage with one of their sons only to seize her properties. When Siva went to kidnap her, she was thinking of how to run away from this marriage, while escaping from Poojas uncles, Siva brings Pooja to his house under a false identity. Soon, Siva falls in love with Pooja and determines to marry her only with the consent of all the members of both families, when Sivas family along with Pooja visit a temple, her uncle kidnaps her and locks her away in his house. To save Pooja, Siva joins Emotional Ekambaram — the auditor of Poojas uncles – as an assistant and he makes Ekambaram believe that he is capable of creating new worlds with characters of their own. Ekambaram then creates two American billionaires and with the help of Siva, convinces the two uncles to marry their sons to the daughters of these billionaires. To prove that they are real and not merely the figment of Ekambarams imagination, Siva asks his parents and his uncles and they manage to win the Gounders hearts and bring about a change in their behaviour. Then, with the consent of all the family members Siva marries Pooja, the album consists of 6 tracks overall. The film netted approximately ₹58 lakh in three days from Chennai city and ₹67 lakh from Salem area on its opening weekend and it was hat-trick victory for Dhanush-Mithran combination. The film was banned in western districts of Tamil Nadu. The satellite rights of the film were sold to Sun TV, uthamaputhiran at the Internet Movie Database

3. T. R. Sundaram – Tiruchengodu Ramalingam T. R. Sundaram was an Indian film actor, director, and producer. He is the founder of the Salem-based movie production company The Modern Theatres Ltd, Mr. T. R. Sundaram was born in 1907 in Coimbatore to a wealthy textile merchant and had his studies in India and in Leeds, England, where he graduated in textile engineering. On returning to India, Mr. T. R. Sundaram managed his family business, after the production of the first Tamil talkie Kalidas in 1931, the movie industry emerged as a profitable means of investment. Sundaram set up Angel Pictures in Salem and produced movies along with S. S. Velayutham, Mr. T. R. Sundaram split with Velayutham after a few years and set up his own production company The Modern Theatres Ltd. The first film produced under the banner of Modern Theatres was Sathi Ahalya in 1937, the next year in 1938, Mr. T. R. Sundaram produced the Malayalam talkie Balan. He was instrumental in giving MGR his first major box office hit in Manthirikumari. It catapulted MGR to greater name and fame. They followed it up with Sarvadhikari which became highest grosser in 1951, national Film Awards 1961, Certificate of Merit for Second Best Feature Film in Malayalam - Kandam Becha Kottu TR Sundaram

4. Modern Theatres – Modern Theaters Ltd was an Indian film studio in Salem, Tamil Nadu started by T. R. Sundaram in 1935. The studio produced more than 150 films until 1982 in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi, Sinhalese. In the early 1930s, T. R. Sundaram entered the world of Tamil cinema as a partner of a Salem-based film company and he was involved in productions such as Draupadi Vastrapaharanam, Dhruva and Nalla Thangal. Then he decided to start his own company, Modern Theatres Limited and he realized that to make film making a business, it had to be organized and managed like a business enterprise. He also planned a schedule of producing films on a budget, so that the market. The maiden production of Modern Theatres, directed by Sundaram, was Sathi Ahalya, Sundaram promoted Modern Theatres as a joint stock company and built a studio on a vast stretch of land on the outskirts of Salem town. The hundred odd films that came from his studio covered a wide spectrum of themes — mythology, comedy and original screenplays to adaptation of classic works of literature and it is, however, the James Bond style of films starring Jaishankar that are almost synonymous with the banner. Following the Hollywood studio system, TRS had on his rolls writers, technicians, actors and he paid generously and promptly, a rarity in the film circle. First time in the world, T. R. Sundaram and it was he who introduced the novel idea of seeking public opinion on the choice of the female and male leads. It is perhaps the only incident of its kind in the history of world cinema, http, //www. hindu. com/cp/2010/12/19/stories/2010121950281600. htm citation provided First Double role in Tamil Films introduced in Uthama Puthiran starring P. U. The first most expensive film to be produced was Manonmani in 1942 and this is the 97th film for T. R. Sundaram First film to have 3 separate stories within a movie was Chow Chow. The 3 stories are Kaligala Mainar, School Drama and Soorapuli, when Zoom lens was not invented such an effect was pioneered in Ponmudi for which the French Government awarded the cameraman. Has a unique record of having five former Chief Ministers of India in its payroll, frequently used foreigners like Ellis R. Dungan, Mani Lal Tandon, Bomman D. Irani to bring up the quality factor of his films. The landmark, situated on nine acres on Yercaud road here, has been handed over to a construction firm for promoting flats. Other worn-out buildings, including houses and sheds, that figured in many movies are also being brought down. The arch is the remaining of the glorious past. List of Modern Theaters Ltd films It is curtains for tinsel worlds dream factory

5. Salem, Tamil Nadu – Salem is a city in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located about 160 kilometres northeast of Coimbatore,186 kilometres southeast of Bangalore and about 340 kilometres southwest of the state capital, Salem is the Fifth largest city in Tamil Nadu by population and covers 91.34 km2. The town and the hilly regions were part of the Chera dynasty and was part of the trade route with Roman empire. It was later governed by Poligars, who built temples and forts in and it was part of the Vijayanagara empire before being captured by Hyder Ali during the early 18th century, after the Mysore-Madurai war. It was ceded to the British in 1768 and the became part of the struggle between Kongu Nadu led by Dheeran Chinnamalai and the British. Salem became part of Salem district since independence in 1947, Salem is located at 11. 669437°N78. 140865°E /11.669437,78.140865, at an average elevation of 278 m. The city is surrounded by hills, Nagaramalai on the north, Jarugumalai on the south, Kanjamalai on the west, Godumalai on the east, kariyaperumal Hill is in southwestern Salem. The Thirumanimutharu River flows through the city, dividing it in two, the fort area is the oldest part of Salem. The citys climate is dry, except during the monsoon season, january and February are generally pleasant, the dry summer begins in March, with the years highest temperatures during May. The weather becomes more temperate in June and July, and August is cloudy, the northeast monsoon occurs from September to November, and December is clear and pleasant. Salem is the headquarters of Salem district, the town was constituted as a municipality in 1867, and was upgraded to a special-grade municipality in 1979 and to a municipal corporation on 1 April 1994. The Salem municipal corporation has 60 wards, each with an elected councillor, the functions of the municipal corporation are divided into six departments, general administration and personnel, engineering, revenue, public health, city planning and information technology. All six departments are governed by a municipal commissioner, Legislative power is vested in the 60-member council, headed by an elected chairperson and assisted by a deputy chairperson. Law and order is maintained by the Salem city subdivision of the Tamil Nadu Police, special units include prohibition enforcement, district crime, social justice and human rights, district crime records and a district-level special branch headed by a superintendent of police. Salem is a part of the Salem North, Salem West, the city elects the three members to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly once every five years. Present MLAs are R. Mohan Raj from Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam, M. K. Selvaraju, until 2008, the city was part of the Salem I and Salem II assembly constituencies. Since 1977, the ADMK party won the Salem I assembly seat five times, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam won twice, and the Indian National Congress won in 1991. Since 1977, the ADMK won the Salem II assembly seat three times and the DMK also won three times, the Janata Party won in 1977 and Pattali Makkal Katchi won in 2001

6. P. U. Chinnappa – Pudukkottai Ulaganathan Pillai Chinnappa, also popularly known as P. U. Chinnappa, was a singer and Tamil movie actor during the 1930s and from Pudukottai, Tamil Nadu. He is also credited to be one of the first major influential actors of South Cinema and his notable movies include Uthama Puthiran, Aryamala, Kannagi, Manonmani, Kubera Kuchela and Jagathalaprathapan. Despite attaining the super star status, his career was cut short by a sudden death, Chinnappa was born to Ulaganathapillai and Meenakshi ammal on 5 May 1916. His father was a stage artist and hence he made his way easily into stage acting, Chinnappa had education only till 4th grade, he was not much involved in academics, he was rather interested in acting. Even as a kid he acted in stage shows, his acting as a thief in Sadaram stage play as a kid won applause from audiences. Not only in acting Chinnappa was interested in wrestling and Silambam, since his family was poor, at an age of 5 he went to rope production work for 5 rupees per month. However he didnt work there for a long time, by seeing his sons interest in acting his father decided to pursue a career in acting for him. At an age of 8, Chinnappa joined in Meenalokshani Vidvabala Sabha, at that time T. K. S brothers were acting under this company and was very famous at that time. Chinnappa didnt last long there too, as he was not given significant roles, at that time Madurai Original Boys company were conducting stage play in Pudukkotai, Chinnappa was recruited for a salary of Rs.15 with a 3-year contract. Even though Chinnappa was offered roles in Madurai Original Boys company. One day in the house he was singing Sathi Anusaya stage play songs. Pillai started inquiring who has sung the songs and Chinnappa was asked to perform in front of him again, Pillai was very happy and instantly increased his salary from Rs.15 to Rs.75 at that moment and promoted Chinnappa as hero. When Chinnappa acted as hero, M. G. Ramachandran, P. G. Venkatesan, Ponnusamy, kali N Ratnam and M. G. Chakrapani were acting in supporting roles. Pathuga Pattabishekam was one of the popular stage shows that generated good revenue for the Madurai Original Boys company. His performance as Bharathan character received rave reviews, not only in historical stage acts, Chinnappa performed well in social stage acts like Chandrakantha Rajendran. Chinnappa was very prolific in singing too, in those days, Madurai Original Boys company used to celebrate boys with good talent and once done they used to throw them away. Chinnappa has criticized this several times, since he was singing for a long time, knowing the fact that the company might throw him in future, Chinnappa quit the company secretly and came back to his native place Pudukkotai

7. M. V. Rajamma – M. V. Rajamma was an Indian actress, producer and playback singer of Indian films mostly in Kannada, Tamil and Telugu languages from the 1930s through 1970s. She has the distinction of having acted as heroine and mother to stalwart South Indian actors such as Rajkumar, Sivaji Ganesan, MGR. Making her debut as an actress in the 1936 released Samsara Nauka Rajamma enjoyed an elaborate career in feature films across South India. Rajamma also holds the distinction of being the first and foremost woman producer in India and she produced the film Radha Ramana in 1943 under her own home banner Vijaya Films. Her entry to the Tamil films was through the 1940 classic hit film Uthama Puthiran and she went on to star in about 60 Kannada,80 Tamil,20 Telugu and one Hindi films in her career spanning around four decades. Rajamma was born in 1923 at Agandanahalli in Bangalore rural district and she did her schooling at the Arya Balika school in Bangalore till the 8th grade. After her 8th, she was attracted towards the theatre and stage plays and she joined the Chandrakala theatre group and shifted base to Chennai for doing films. In the early 1930s, Rajamma was attracted to the stage theatre, Rajamma enacted several inspiring roles in dramas such as Samsara Nauke, Gauthama Buddha and Subhadra. In 1935, when one of her stage plays Samsara Nauke was made into a film and they went on to work together in many films for about 20 years. In 1940, she entered Tamil film industry in Chennai with the film Uthama Puthiran, from then on, she became one of the most sought after actresses across all the South Indian film industries. After her marriage, she concentrated mainly on playing motherly roles to the actors whom she had paired as a heroine earlier. In 1943, Rajamma took her career to another level by producing the Kannada film Radha Ramana directed by Jyothish Sinha that featured herself opposite B. R. Panthulu in the lead, acclaimed artists such as Balakrishna and G. V. Iyer were introduced through this film. It went on to perform well at the box-office which resulted in her production venture Makkala Rajya. Though the film was lauded by the critics, the box-office collections soared which made her back off from production for a long while. However, she went on to star in many box-office blockbusters in both Kannada and Tamil film industries, some of the most popular Kannada films featuring Rajamma as a lead actress were Bhakta Prahalada, Rathnagiri Rahasya, School Master, Abba Aa Hudugi among others. M. V. Rajamma at the Internet Movie Database Potpourri of titbits about M. V. Rajamma

8. T. S. Balaiah – Tirunelveli S. Balaiah was an Indian actor best known for playing supporting roles in the Tamil films. He was introduced to the field by director Ellis R. Dungan in Sathi Leelavathi, along with MGR, N. S. Krishnan. He gained lot of weight at the age of 40 in 1954, among his villain roles, Ambikapathy, Madurai Veeran, Thaikki Pin Tharam, Hello Mr. Zamindar and Thiruvilayadal were classics. Balaiah also excelled in roles in movies such as Kavalai Illatha Manithan, Kaadhalika Neramillai, Bama Vijayam. Actor Sivaji Ganesan had once mentioned that Balaiah along with M. R. Radha was his most admired actor, actress Manochithra is his daughter, while one of his sons Junior Balaiah has also appeared in films. Another son, Sai Baba, was part of MSVs troupe and sang a song, Andhapakkam Vazhnthavan Romeo, Indhapakkam Naan Enna Saamiyo in Veetukku Veedu. T. S. Balaiah was born on 23 August 1914 and he was born in Sundankottai, now in Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu. He ran away home at young age and joined a Circus. Later joined Jagannatha Iyer’s famous drama company which was working in Tirunelveli, T. S. Balaiya at the Internet Movie Database http, //www. hinduonnet. com/fline/fl2319/stories/20061006000707900. htm The Three-in-One T. S. Balaiah in My Movie Minutes 100 years of laughter

9. N. S. Krishnan – He is considered as the Charlie Chaplin of India. Kalaivanar N. S. Krishnan died at the age of 49, N S Krishnan started his career as a Villu Paatu artist, He later became involved in Tamil drama and stage shows, as were many film artistes. At one time he owned a touring drama company, when cinema gradually became popular in South India, he entered the Tamil film world to become one of the leading Tamil comedians ever, with a unique style. He generally wrote his own comedy dialogues and expressed them in his drama and films so that the message came across and he was a talented singer and his hits include Sivakavi, Raja Rani, and Manamagal. Though he was popular among the Tamil populace as a film comedian, Kalaivanar was instrumental in bringing a number of leading Tamil stage. He was a Gandhian, patriot and philanthropist, yet a very controversial figure — with his name linked to a murder and he was married to actress T. A. Madhuram. His grandson NSK Rajan has acted in a film Nagareega Komaali and his granddaughters Anu Vardhan and Ramya NSK are working as costume designer and playback singer in film industry respectively. During the mid-1940s he and M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar were arrested for suspicion of murder famously known as Lakshmikanthan Kolai Vazhakku and they were convicted and later released on appeal to the Privy Council. When Bhagavathar and NSK were flying high in fame in drama, cinema and concerts. C. N. Lakshmikanthan or Lakshmikantham was a film journalist of Madras Presidency. His foray into journalism began in 1943 when he launched a weekly called Cinema Thoothu which was extremely successful. He wrote extensive columns devoted to the lives of some of the top actors. Many actors and actresses responded by paying large amounts of money to buy his silence, as a result, Lakshmikanthan set up a prosperous vocation. Hope obliged and the license for the magazine was cancelled, Lakshmikanthan tried to run the magazine with forged documents but, after a few months, he was forced to close shop. The tactics paid huge dividends and Lakshmikanthan purchased his own printing press, on 8 November 1944, he was attacked by some people with a knife in Purasawalkam, in downtown Madras. He was admitted to the General Hospital, Madras as an outpatient, in his statement to the police he did not name anyone as the accused but only stated that someone had attacked him. He was found very jovial at the station as he was in the hospital. During his treatment it was reported that he wanted to expose the murderers involved in the Boat Mail murder, a rich banker from Devakottai was murdered in thetrain between Chengalpet and Madras

10. Tamil language – Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and also by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is a language of two countries, Singapore and Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and it is also used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and it is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Tamil is one of the classical languages in the world. Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions from 500 BC have been found on Adichanallur and 2 and it has been described as the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past. The variety and quality of classical Tamil literature has led to it being described as one of the classical traditions. A recorded Tamil literature has been documented for over 2000 years, the earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from ca.300 BC – AD300. It has the oldest extant literature among other Dravidian languages, the earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BC. More than 55% of the inscriptions found by the Archaeological Survey of India are in the Tamil language. Tamil language inscriptions written in Brahmi script have been discovered in Sri Lanka, the two earliest manuscripts from India, acknowledged and registered by the UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997 and 2005, were written in Tamil. In 1578, Portuguese Christian missionaries published a Tamil prayer book in old Tamil script named Thambiraan Vanakkam, the Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, was one of the earliest dictionaries published in the Indian languages. According to a 2001 survey, there were 1,863 newspapers published in Tamil, Tamil belongs to the southern branch of the Dravidian languages, a family of around 26 languages native to the Indian subcontinent. It is also classified as being part of a Tamil language family, the closest major relative of Tamil is Malayalam, the two began diverging around the 9th century CE. According to linguists like Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Tamil, as a Dravidian language, descends from Proto-Dravidian, linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto-Dravidian was spoken around the third millennium BC, possibly in the region around the lower Godavari river basin in peninsular India. The material evidence suggests that the speakers of Proto-Dravidian were of the associated with the Neolithic complexes of South India. The next phase in the reconstructed proto-history of Tamil is Proto-South Dravidian, the linguistic evidence suggests that Proto-South Dravidian was spoken around the middle of the second millennium BC, and that proto-Tamil emerged around the 3rd century BC. The earliest epigraphic attestations of Tamil are generally taken to have been shortly thereafter

11. The Man in the Iron Mask (1939 film)

1. Assam – Assam (English pronunciation, /əˈsæm/ listen is a state in northeastern India. Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra Valley, Assam, along with Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya, is one of the Seven Sister States. Geographically, Assam and these states are connected to the rest of India via a 22 kilometres strip of land in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor or Chickens Neck. Assam shares a border with Bhutan and Bangladesh, and its culture, people. Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk, the first oil well in Asia was drilled here. The state has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger. It provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant, the Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism, centred around Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park which are World Heritage Sites. Sal tree forests are found in the state which, as a result of abundant rainfall, Assam receives more rainfall compared to most parts of India. This rain feeds the Brahmaputra River, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a hydro-geomorphic and aesthetic environment, the precise etymology of Assam came from Ahom Dynasty. In the classical period and up to the 12th century the region east of the Karatoya river, largely congruent to present-day Assam, was called Kamarupa, in medieval times the Mughals used Asham and Kamrup, and during British colonialism, the English used Assam. Though many authors have associated the name with the 13th century Shan invaders the precise origin of the name is not clear. It was suggested by some that the Sanskrit word Asama was the root, which has been rejected by Kakati, among possible origins are Tai and Bodo. Assam and adjoining regions have evidences of settlements from all the periods of the Stone ages. The hills at the height of 1, 500–2,000 feet were popular habitats probably due to availability of exposed dolerite basalt, useful for tool-making. According to a text, Kalika Purana, the earliest ruler of Assam was Mahiranga Danav of the Danava dynasty. The last of these rulers, also Naraka, was slain by Krishna, narakas son Bhagadatta became the king, who fought for the Kauravas in the battle of Kurukshetra with an army of kiratas, chinas and dwellers of the eastern coast. Samudraguptas 4th century Allahabad pillar inscription mentions Kamarupa and Davaka as frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire, ruled by three dynasties Varmanas, Mlechchha dynasty and Kamarupa-Palas, from their capitals in present-day Guwahati, Tezpur and North Gauhati respectively. All three dynasties claimed their descent from Narakasura, an immigrant from Aryavarta, in the reign of the Varman king, Bhaskar Varman, the Chinese traveller Xuanzang visited the region and recorded his travels

2. India – India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast, in the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, in 2015, the Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. C. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety

3. Andheri – Andheri is a suburb of Mumbai, situated in the west of the city on Salsette Island. The railway station divides the suburb into Andheri West and Andheri East, the Andheri railway station is the among the busiest railway stations in the country and also on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. The expansion of the Mumbai Metro in the Versova-Anderi-Ghatkopar corridor is part of the governments master transportation plan, Andheri West comes under K/W ward of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai while Andheri East comes under the K/E ward of the same. Andheri has a number of public as well as private schools serving the student population of this suburb, the list of schools includes, Rajhans Vidyalaya Bhavans A. H. Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro spans the entire suburb of Andheri connecting Versova in the west to Ghatkopar in the Eastern Suburbs and it is fully elevated, and consists of 12 stations. 9 out of the 12 stations are in Andheri, work on the corridor began on 8 February 2008. A cable stay bridge, spanning the Western railway line, on the project was completed at the end of 2012, the line opened for service on 8 June 2014. Latest statistics reveal that approximately 85 million passengers have used the line in the first 11 months since its launch. The international terminal of the citys Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport is located near Sahar village in Andheri East, there are two separate terminals operating the domestic and international operations. Healthcare Andheri has a number of hospitals, clinics, and doctors offices serving the local population, kokilaben Hospital is the largest multi-speciality hospital in the area. Operational Integration Of Suburban Railway And Public Buses—Case Study Of Mumbai, journal Of Transportation Engineering 132.6, 518-522

4. Mumbai – Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India and the ninth most populous agglomeration in the world, Mumbai lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named a world city. It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest GDP of any city in South, West, Mumbai has the highest number of billionaires and millionaires among all cities in India. The seven islands that came to constitute Mumbai were home to communities of fishing colonies, during the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. Along with construction of roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development, during the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon Indias independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State, in 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital. Mumbai is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India and it is also home to some of Indias premier scientific and nuclear institutes like BARC, NPCL, IREL, TIFR, AERB, AECI, and the Department of Atomic Energy. The city also houses Indias Hindi and Marathi film and television industry, Mumbais business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from all over India, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures. The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja, in 1508, Portuguese writer Gaspar Correia used the name Bombaim, in his Lendas da Índia. This name possibly originated as the Old Portuguese phrase bom baim, meaning good little bay, in 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa used the name Tana-Maiambu, Tana appears to refer to the adjoining town of Thane and Maiambu to Mumbadevi. Other variations recorded in the 16th and the 17th centuries include, Mombayn, Bombay, Bombain, Bombaym, Monbaym, Mombaim, Mombaym, Bambaye, Bombaiim, Bombeye, Boon Bay, and Bon Bahia. After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, Ali Muhammad Khan, imperial diwan or revenue minister of the Gujarat province, in the Mirat-i-Ahmedi referred to the city as Manbai. By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in the Indian statewise official languages of Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati, Kannada and Sindhi, the Government of India officially changed the English name to Mumbai in November 1995. According to Slate magazine, they argued that Bombay was a corrupted English version of Mumbai, Slate also said The push to rename Bombay was part of a larger movement to strengthen Marathi identity in the Maharashtra region. A resident of Mumbai is called mumbaikar in the Marathi language, the term has been in use for quite some time but it gained popularity after the official name change to Mumbai. Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands, Bombay Island, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli and it is not exactly known when these islands were first inhabited

5. Maharashtra – Four Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India and is Indias second-most populous state and third-largest state by area. It is the wealthiest Indian state and it is also the worlds second-most populous sub-national entity. It has over 112 million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population of approximately 18 million, Nagpur is Maharashtras second capital as well as its winter capital. Maharashtras business opportunities along with its potential to offer a standard of living attract migrants from all over India. Ancient and medieval Maharashtra included the empires of the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Mughals, the major rivers of the state are Godavari, and Krishna. The Narmada and Tapti Rivers flow near the border between Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat, Maharashtra is the second most urbanised state in India. The state has several popular Hindu places of pilgrimage including Pandharpur, Dehu and Alandi, other places that attract pilgrims from other parts of India and beyond include Hazur Sahib Gurudwara at Nanded, Sai Baba shrine at Shirdi and Dikshabhumi at Nagpur. Maharashtra is the wealthiest and one of the most developed states in India, as of 2011, the state had a per capita income of ₹1.0035 lakh, more than the national average of ₹0.73 lakh. Its GDP per capita crossed the ₹1.20 lakh threshold for the first time in 2013, however, as of 2014, the GDP per capita reduced to ₹1.03 lakh Agriculture and industries are the largest parts of the states economy. Major industries include chemical products, electrical and non-electrical machinery, textiles, petroleum, Jai Maharashtra The modern Marathi language developed from the Maharashtri Prakrit, and the word Mahratta is found in the Jain Maharashtri literature. The terms Maharashtra, Maharashtri, Marathi and Maratha may have derived from the same root, however, their exact etymology is uncertain. But the Marathas as a people do not seem to be mentioned before the thirteenth or fourteenth century, the most widely accepted theory among the linguistic scholars is that the words Maratha and Maharashtra ultimately derived from a combination of Maha and rashtrika. The word rashtrika is a Sanskritized form of Ratta, the name of a tribe or dynasty of petty chiefs ruling in the Deccan region. Another theory is that the term is derived from Maha and ratha / rathi, an alternative theory states that the term derives from the word Maha and Rashtra. However, this theory has not found acceptance among scholars who believe it to be the Sanskritised interpretation of later writers. Maharashtra was ruled by the Maurya Empire in the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE, around 230 BCE Maharashtra came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty for 400 years. The greatest ruler of the Satavahana Dynasty was Gautamiputra Satakarni, in 90 CE Vedishri, son of the Satavahana king Satakarni, the Lord of Dakshinapatha, wielder of the unchecked wheel of Sovereignty, made Junnar, thirty miles north of Pune, the capital of his kingdom. The state was ruled by Western Satraps, Gupta Empire, Gurjara-Pratihara, Vakataka, Kadambas, Chalukya Empire, Rashtrakuta Dynasty, and Western Chalukya before finally

6. Talaash: The Answer Lies Within – Talaash, The Answer Lies Within is a 2012 Indian psychological horror thriller film directed by Reema Kagti. It was produced by Excel Entertainment and Aamir Khan Productions, the movie stars Aamir Khan, Rani Mukerji and Kareena Kapoor in lead roles and Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Vivan Bhatena, Rajkummar Rao, Shernaz Patel and Sheeba Chaddha in supporting roles. The soundtrack of the movie is scored by Ram Sampath, with lyrics written by Javed Akhtar, principal photography of the film took place during March–November 2011, primarily in Mumbai, Pondicherry and London. The movie received a UA certificate from the Censor Board of India, the film released on 30 November 2012. Talaash had worldwide earnings of over ₹1.74 billion, becoming one of the film of 2012. Late at night on a road, well-known actor Armaan Kapoor loses control of his car for no evident reason, apparently trying to avoid something. Inspector Surjan Shekhawat with his assistant Devrath Kulkarni begins an investigation into Armaans death, Surjans personal life is in turmoil since his 8-year-old son, Karan, drowned recently during a family outing. His wife, Roshni, is grieving and Surjan has developed a guilt complex. Surjan learns that on the night of Armaans accident, Armaan was travelling with 2 million rupees in cash, Armaan had given the money to a blackmailer, a pimp named Shashi. Three years back, Shashi had performed a cover-up for Armaan, Once he learns of Armaans death, Shashi takes off with the cash, leaving behind a mistress, Mallika. Shashis friend, Tehmur, steals Shashis discarded sim card, in panic, Sanjay employs some thugs to murder Shashi. Tehmur begins to use Shashis old sim card to blackmail Sanjay with Shashis murder, meanwhile, Roshni seeks solace from a medium who is in touch with Karans soul. One night, Surjan is propositioned by an escort, Rosie and he declines Rosies advances but asks her if she can become an informer. Through Rosie, Surjan finds out about Shashis connection with the case, the police find Shashis body, along with the blackmail money and a DVD. The DVD contains embarrassing CCTV footage of Armaan and his friends leaving a hotel with a girl, convinced of Armaans link with prostitutes, Surjan focuses his search on the slums near the Hotel Lido. To speak unobserved, Rosie takes Surjan to a place by the riverside. However, she doesnt reveal anything more, Surjan tries to approach Nikhil for more information but discovers that Nikhil has been brain-dead after the incident three years ago. After a heated argument with Roshni, Surjan confides in Rosie, Tehmur is killed by the two thugs in Sanjays employ

7. Manjhi - The Mountain Man – Manjhi - The Mountain Man is a 2015 Indian biographical film, based on the life of Dashrath Manjhi. The film is directed by Ketan Mehta, jointly produced by Viacom 18 Motion Pictures, upon release the film received positive critical acclaim. Nawazuddin Siddiqui enacted the role of Dashrath Manjhi, while Radhika Apte played Manjhis wife, the film was released worldwide on 21 August 2015. Prior to its release preview copy of movie leaked on web on 10 August 2015, the Bandra-Kurla Complex cyber police station had registered a case against a few unknown persons for leaking the movie. The Bihar State Government declared the film tax-free on 30 July 2015, in the 1960s Dashrath Manjhi lived in a small village Gehlaur near Gaya, Bihar, India with his family including his wife Phaguniya Devi. There was a mountain near his village that people either had to climb across or travel round to gain access to medical care at the nearest town Wazirganj. One day Manjhis wife fell while trying to cross the mountain, when he started hammering the hill people called him a lunatic but that only steeled his resolve further. After 22 years of back-breaking labour, Manjhi carved a path 360 feet long,25 feet deep in places and 30 feet wide, Manjhi died in 2007.5 stars out of 5. Saibal Chatterjee of NDTV gave the film 3 stars, meena Iyer of Times of India gave it 3 stars. Bollywood Hungama gave it 2.5 stars, shubhra Gupta of Indian Express gave it two stars. Manjhi - The Mountain Man at the Internet Movie Database Manjhi - The Mountain Man at Bollywood Hungama

8. Delhi Belly (film) – Delhi Belly is a 2011 Indian black comedy film written by Akshat Verma and directed by Abhinay Deo. It stars Imran Khan, Kunaal Roy Kapur, Vir Das, Poorna Jagannathan, while the original version was in English, a Hindi dubbed version was also released. The film is produced by Aamir Khan Productions and IBC Motion Pictures, the theatrical trailer of the film premiéred with Aamir Khans Dhobi Ghat on 21 January 2011 while the film was released on 1 July 2011. The film was given an A certificate for its profanity and sexual content, the film was remade in Tamil as Settai. The story revolves around three roommates, journalist Tashi, photographer Nitin Berry and cartoonist Arup, leading an unkempt and debt-ridden life in a shady apartment in Delhi. Tashis ditzy fiancée, Sonia, is an air hostess who agrees to deliver a package for Vladimir Dragunsky to Somayajulu, Sonia asks Tashi to deliver the package. Tashi, in turn, asks Nitin to do so, but Nitin is unable to do so as he is suffering Delhi Belly. Nitin hands Sonias package to Arup for delivery to Somayajulu, along with a package containing his stool sample for delivery to Nitins doctor, Arup mixes up the two bags. Somayajulu, furious, tortures Vladimir to find his package, meanwhile, Nitin photographs his landlord with a prostitute. He sends an envelope with the photographs to his landlord to blackmail him, Tashi is with Sonia, when his colleague Menaka calls him on the pretext of work. When he reaches the place he realizes that it is just a party, Menakas ex-husband Rajeev sees them together and punches Tashi in the eye in a fit of jealousy. Tashi retaliates and knocks Rajeev out, as Tashi and Menaka leave they are chased by a furious Rajeev and his friends who shoot at them. The duo barely manage to escape, Vladimir informs Somayajulu that the mix-up must have been caused by Sonia as she didnt know what she was carrying in the package. Somayajulu calls Sonia, informs her about the mix-up and asks her to him the address of the person who had delivered the package. When Tashi arrives into his apartment, he walks into Somayajulu who has Arup standing on a stool with a noose around his neck, on hard interrogation, Somayajulu discovers the mix-up and realizes that the package must be with Nitins doctor. Nitin gets the package from his doctors office, wherein Somayajulu finds his thirty diamonds hidden inside, upon recovering his booty, he orders his henchmen to kill the three roommates. One of them is about to shoot Tashi, when another kicks the stool on which Arup was standing to hang him, luckily for the roommates, the ceiling of the apartment collapses, since it cant take Arups weight. The cave-in knocks out Somayajulu and his men, leaving one with broken arms, Tashi, Arup and Nitin escape with the diamonds and spend the night at Menakas place

9. Assamese language – It is one of the easternmost of the Indo-Aryan languages it is spoken by over 13 million native speakers, and serves as a lingua franca in the region. It is also spoken in parts of Arunachal Pradesh and other northeast Indian states, Nagamese, an Assamese-based Creole language is widely used in Nagaland and parts of Assam. Nefamese is an Assamese-based pidgin used in Arunachal Pradesh, small pockets of Assamese speakers can be found in Bangladesh. In the past, it was the language of the Ahom kingdom from the 17th century. The origin of Assamese language is not clear, some believe that it originated from Kamarupi Prakrit used in ancient Kamarupa Kingdom. Its sister languages include Maithali, Odia, Chittagonian, Sylheti and it is written in the Assamese script, an abugida system, from left to right, with a large number of typographic ligatures. Assamese language was in use much before Bengali language was developed as Kamrupa was mentioned in Mahabharata, kampura has its northern boundary at Koshi River and Orissa. Assamese influence can be easily felt in Oriya and Maithali languages. Assamese originated in Old Indo-Aryan dialects, though the nature of its origin. It is generally believed that Assamese and the Kamatapuri lects derive from the Kamarupa dialect of Eastern Magadhi Prakrit. </ref>By keeping to the north of the Ganges, the Indo-Aryan language in Kamarupa had differentiated by the 7th-century, before it did in Bengal or Orissa. These changes were due to non-Indo-Aryan speakers adopting the language. The evidence of language is found in the Prakritisms of the Kamarupa inscriptions. In these works, Assamese features coexist with features from other Modern Indian Languages, from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, songs – Borgeets, dramas – Ankiya Naat and the first prose writings were composed. The literary language, based on the dialects of Assam moved to the court of the Ahom kingdom in the seventeenth century. This period saw the development of prose infused with colloquial forms. The literary language, having become infused with the idiom, became the standard literary form in the nineteenth century. As the political and commercial center shifted to Guwahati after the mid-twentieth century, Assamese is native to Assam Valley which includes Upper-Assam and Lower-Assam regions of the state of Assam. It is also spoken in states of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland, presence of Assamese script can be found in Rakhine state of present Myanmar

10. Bollywood – Bollywood is the sobriquet for Indias Hindi language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is more formally referred to as Hindi cinema, Bollywood is also one of the largest centers of film production in the world. Furthermore, Bollywood is one of the biggest film industries in the world in terms of the number of people employed, according to Matusitz, J. & Payano, P. In 2011, over 3.5 billion tickets were sold across the globe which in comparison is 900,000 tickets more than Hollywood, Bollywood produced 252 films in 2014 out of a total of 1969 films produced in Indian cinema. The name Bollywood is a derived from Bombay, India, and Hollywood, California. Bollywood does not exist as a physical place, some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the industry look like a poor cousin to Hollywood. The naming scheme for Bollywood was inspired by Tollywood, the name that was used to refer to the cinema of West Bengal and it was this chance juxtaposition of two pairs of rhyming syllables, Holly and Tolly, that led to the portmanteau name Tollywood being coined. However, Tollywood is now used popularly to refer to the Telugu Film Industry in Telangana & Andhra Pradesh, the term Bollywood itself has origins in the 1970s, when India overtook America as the worlds largest film producer. Credit for the term has been claimed by different people, including the lyricist, filmmaker and scholar Amit Khanna. Raja Harishchandra, by Dadasaheb Phalke, is known as the first silent feature film made in India, by the 1930s, the industry was producing over 200 films per annum. The first Indian sound film, Ardeshir Iranis Alam Ara, was a commercial success. There was clearly a huge market for talkies and musicals, Bollywood, the 1930s and 1940s were tumultuous times, India was buffeted by the Great Depression, World War II, the Indian independence movement, and the violence of the Partition. Most Bollywood films were unabashedly escapist, but there were also a number of filmmakers who tackled tough social issues, in 1937, Ardeshir Irani, of Alam Ara fame, made the first colour film in Hindi, Kisan Kanya. The next year, he made another film, a version of Mother India. However, colour did not become a feature until the late 1950s. At this time, lavish romantic musicals and melodramas were the fare at the cinema. Following Indias independence, the period from the late 1940s to the 1960s is regarded by historians as the Golden Age of Hindi cinema. Some of the most critically acclaimed Hindi films of all time were produced during this period, examples include the Guru Dutt films Pyaasa and Kaagaz Ke Phool and the Raj Kapoor films Awaara, Shree 420 and Dilip Kumars Aan

11. Black Friday (2007 film) – The films creative consultant, Chandramohan Puppala, attempted to recreate those events and the intense feelings that followed them. It won the Grand Jury Prize at the Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles and was a nominee for the Best Film award at the Locarno International Film Festival. On 9 March 1993 a small-time thug, Gul Mohammed, is detained at the Nav Pada police station, the police dismiss his confession and, three days later, Bombay is torn apart by a series of explosions leaving 257 dead and close to 1,400 injured. Investigators discover that the bombs were made of RDX, smuggled into the city with the aid of customs officials, the Bombay riots were an unprecedented outburst of violence and abuse, resulting in enormous emotional trauma and property loss. Tiger Memon is an underworld don whose office is burnt to cinders during the riots, the suffering of the Muslim minorities in the riots incites a meeting of underworld leaders in Dubai, who then take it on themselves to seek retribution. Tiger Bhai one of the chief inflamed suggests an attack on Bombay as the strongest message of retaliation, asgar Muqadam, Tiger Memons secretary is arrested on 14 March 1993. He is beaten till he provides whatever information he has about the bomb blasts, deputy Commissioner of Police, Rakesh Maria is put in charge of the case. The next piece in the puzzle is the arrest of Badshah Khan, one of the henchmen who had left Bombay and gone into hiding, who was found by the police on 10 May 1993. After the blast, the accomplices in the crime are forced to lead a life of anonymity, to make matters worse, their passports seem to have been destroyed at the behest of Tiger Memon. In spite of assurances to the contrary, the high command blatantly refuses any help to them once the bombings have materialised. Tired of being let down by his own people and without a place to hide, Badshah Khan realises that there is no justification for his acts, on 4 November 1993, the police file a charge sheet against 189 accused. The Central Bureau of Investigation takes over the case, then on 5 August 1994, Tigers brother, Yaqub Memon, willingly turns himself in to the authorities. In a candid Newstrack interview on national television Yaqub states that it was Tiger, ramani Bobby Parvez as Rakesh Khurana Sharad Ponkshe as Anup Patnaik Ajai Rohilla as R. K. S. Black Friday was shot with hidden cameras, the film was not released in Indian theatres for two years as, on the eve of its release, a petition seeking a stay was filed by the people named in the film, the alleged perpetrators of the crime. The film was received rapturously at previews in India and abroad, british director Danny Boyle has cited Black Friday as an inspiration for his 2008 award-winning film Slumdog Millionaire. Boyle stated that a chase in one of the scenes of Slumdog Millionaire was based on a 12-minute police chase through the crowded Dharavi slum in Black Friday. Black Fridays soundtrack and background score was composed by Indian Ocean and this was Indian Oceans first film soundtrack, it has nine tracks – three songs and six instrumentals. The song Bandeh became immensely popular and reached No.2 on the film charts, the music was well received by critics and the album was declared a must buy

12. Company (film) – Company is a 2002 Indian crime-thriller film directed by Ram Gopal Varma. The film starred Mohanlal, Ajay Devgan, Manisha Koirala, Vivek Oberoi and it is a fictional exposé of the Mumbai underworld, loosely based on the Indian mafia organization D-Company, known to be run by Dawood Ibrahim. It is the film in the Indian Gangster trilogy. An example of Parallel cinema, the highlights the infrastructure of the Indian mafia organization. Company received critical acclaim at the Austin Film Festival, New York Asian Film Festival, the story revolves around a young man named Chandu joining the world of crime in the Mumbai underworld to make it big someday. Gradually he learns the tricks of the trade and increases the gangs earnings and this leads to his affinity with Malik, the leader of the gang. The film features one cold-blooded murder scene wherein Malik and Chandu kill Saeed, thereafter Malik goes on a bloody rampage killing all his opponents, to take the reins of underworld in his hands. In this stage, Malik says a prominent dialogue Sab ganda hai par dhanda hai yeh and his rival gang leader and colleague under Aslams umbrella Sharma, who was in a meeting with police inspector Rathod, is killed off. Inspector Rathod, who tortured and abused Chandu in jail in early days, is killed at Maliks permission. However, both come at loggerheads during the execution of a contract killing, Chandu stops the deliberate vehicle crash and falls from Maliks favor. The contract was from a politician who tries to use Maliks gang to eliminate a front-runner, the assassination takes place in spite of Chandus emotional misdemeanor since Malik, not relying on Chandu anymore, gives direct orders. The rift between Chandu and Malik widens due to misunderstandings, the Commissioner of Police, Sreenivasan IPS uses the rift to bring the mafia under control. Chandu and Malik end up becoming bitter enemies, after Chandus retaliation of the assassination of his lifelong friend of one of lieutenants Warsi, two factions of Mumbais once most powerful gang Company went to a full-scale war. Malik and Chandu killed as members of each opponent gangs as possible. Sreenivasan, as the chief of murders due to the war. But he and his men knew this war ultimately is shortening the to-do list of his department, big numbers of button men and lieutenants from the gangs were being killed. The war results in a chase sequence shot in Kenya where Malik hires hitmen to kill Chandu. Chandu survives, though he is injured severely, Sreenivasan convinces Chandu to come back to Mumbai and fight his war with Malik by helping the police bring the mafia under control

13. Deewaar (2004 film) – Deewaar - Lets Bring Our Heroes Home is a 2004 Bollywood, war film directed by Milan Luthria, produced by Gaurang Doshi and written by S. Gopala Reddy. The film is inspired from the 1963 movie The Great Escape. The film under performed at the box office and was given a verdict at the box office. Major Ranvir Kaul is a prisoner of war who was captured along with other 50 soldiers by Pakistani army in 1971 during the war between India and Pakistan. 33 years later Major Kauls son Gaurav decides to go on a mission to Pakistan. Gourav comes to know that his father and other prisoners of war are confined in an alienated jail, the warden Sohail khan is ruthless and always tries to finish off all his prisoners. Khan who had escaped from the same prison is saved by Gourav incidentally. Consequently Khan helps him on his mission and they take shelter in the House of Jabbar, A Pakistani Hindu whose daughter becomes emotionally involved with Gourav. Khan and Gourav steal the map of the jail from the ISI headquarters. They finally succeed and get the prisoners into India, killing all the Pakistani officers including the warden Sohail, raghu Jen Kamlesh Sawant as Nayyar Sanjay Narvekar Rajendra Gupta Pradeep Rawat Ashraful Haque as Naru Music for the film was composed by Aadesh Shrivastav. The lyrics were written by Nusrat Badr

14. Fukrey – The story and dialogues are written by Vipul Vig and the screenplay is written by Vig and Lamba. Produced under the Excel Entertainment banner, the film was released on 14 June 2013, despite a poor opening, the film went on to become a sleeper hit. The film is set in Delhi, where four Fukrey boys, the group includes two school backbenchers, Hunny and Choocha, who are perpetually dreaming of making it big. They want to get into the college but dont have the grades. The college guard Pandit tells them that he can leak to them the class XII papers at a rate of ₹50,000 per subject, through Pandit they meet Zafar, a former student of the college and a struggling musician. The fourth character is Lali, whose father runs a sweet shop, Lali is currently pursuing his degree through correspondence and like Hunny and Choocha also wants to get into the same college but doesnt have the marks. Pandit tells Lali to donate ₹250,000 in the development fund to get a seat in return. Zafars girlfriend, Neetu, has broken up with him and his father is critically ill, the four meet up at Pandits office where Hunny explains his scheme. Each night Choocha has a dream, which Hunny later interprets as a lottery number, and for every rupee invested, they get ten rupees back. However, since now they all together need a lot of money, they need someone to invest lakhs, so, on Zafars insistence, Pandit takes them to meet a local gangster, Bholi Punjaban where Hunny tells them their scheme. Bholi is ready to invest and Lali also gives his papers as mortgage. Bholi tells them to come the day with the number. However, the night everyone except Choocha falls asleep. The next morning, Choocha narrates a fake dream which Hunny interprets and gets a number and they go to Bholi and tell the number. But it backfires and Bholi loses her money, now to recover her money, she gives them a packet containing drug pills which Zafar, Hunny and Lali have to sell at a rave party the same night. She keeps Choocha as security with her, at the party, Police and Narcotics teams conduct a raid and Lali escapes with packet with the police chasing him. Lali manages to fool the police and reaches Neetus place, Neetu throws the drugs down the drain just as the police are about to search her home. The police leave her place warning Lali, Zafar in the meanwhile tells the whole story to Neetu

15. Jungle (2000 film) – Jungle is a 2000 Indian thriller film produced and directed by Ram Gopal Varma starring Fardeen Khan and Urmila Matondkar in the lead roles. The ensemble cast film has received positive reviews upon release and was declared a Hit, the film won the Bollywood Movie Award for Best Direction. Anu Malhotra and Siddharth Mishra are in love each other. Anu is ready to inform her parents about her future life-partner, Siddharth decides to go incognito also. The group gets to view wildlife from fairly close distances, tragedy strikes when the group is kidnapped by the Bandit Durga Narayan Choudhary and his gang. Once their demands are met, the bandits release remaining hostages, except Anu and this is unacceptable by his girlfriend Bali, the only female bandit of the gang. When Sidhu not find Anu among the hostages, he sends the illegal arms supplier Dorai to request Durga Narayan Choudhary for Anus release. He secretly follows Dorai and finally reaches Anu, in the ensuing commotion, he is able to run away with her, with the bandits in their pursuit. They keep searching their way out of the dense forest, meanwhile, the goons started to reduce in numbers as they get shot one by one during repeated police encounters. Finally, Durga is the one left. Still mad about Anu, he searches for her and he is about to take Anu away once more but is intercepted by Commander Shivraj, whom he eventually murders, but finally Sidhu kills Durga and re-unites with Anu and the movie ends on a happy note

16. Raavan – Raavan is a 2010 Indian Hindi epic adventure film co-written, co-produced, and directed by Mani Ratnam. It stars Abhishek Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai and Vikram in the lead roles, govinda, Ravi Kishan, Nikhil Dwivedi, Tejaswini Kolhapure and Priyamani feature in key supporting roles. This film was the Bollywood debut of Vikram and it was simultaneously released in Tamil as Raavanan with a slightly different cast, which was also dubbed into Telugu and other regional languages. The films score and soundtrack were composed by A. R. Rahman, the film was released on 18 June 2010. Its premiere was held in London on 16 June 2010, Beera Munda, a bandit, jumps off a cliff into the water. His gang distracts the police and police vehicles are set on fire, Ragini Sharma, on a boating trip, is kidnapped by Beera. Dev Pratap Sharma, her husband and a superintendent of police, is informed of her abduction and he is seen as a local hero, who runs a parallel government, with his brothers, Mangal and Hariya, and is considered a terrorist by the police. He kidnaps Ragini to avenge the death of his sister Jamunia, Ragini refuses to die at the bandits hands and jumps off the cliff, but survives and Beera holds off her killing, as he sees it useless to kill someone who has no fear of death. Dev and his team enter the forests with the aid of a forest guard, Sanjeevani Kumar, Beera and Mangal infiltrate the police tents when Dev is not present and come upon Inspector Hemant, Devs junior and his assistant. They kidnaps Hemant, take him to their hideout and bury him in the ground with only his head sticking out, Ragini discovers Hemant in this condition and reproaches Beera and Mangal for such inhuman acts. Beera tells the story of his sisters death, Dev had led an encounter against Beera during Jamunias wedding, Devs shot grazed Beera in the neck. Beera escaped, but Hemant captured and took Jamunia to the police station and she was kept in police custody all night and was serially raped by the policemen, when she refused to reveal Beeras whereabouts. The next day, she committed suicide by drowning in a nearby well, hearing Beeras story, Ragini feels sorry for him. The two also starts developing feelings for each other, while Beera reveals his feelings openly to Ragini, she tries to hide hers as she is still devoted to Dev. Sanjeevani Kumar sneaks into the place where Ragini is kept and he tells her of Devs search for her, but Mangal comes from behind and captures Sanjeevani. He is taken as prisoner in front of Beera and tells him to return Ragini to Dev, Hariya convinces Beera to allow him to offer a truce to Dev. He goes with Sanjeevani to their camp, Dev initially agrees, but when Hariya comes out in the open, Dev kills him, revealing that the destruction of Beera is more important to him than saving his wife. Enraged at his brothers death, Beera sets the police tents on fire in an attack with his gang

17. National School of Drama – National School of Drama is a theatre training institute situated at New Delhi, India. It is an organization under Ministry of Culture, Government of India. It was set up in 1959 by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, in 2005 it was granted deemed university status, but in 2011 it was revoked on the institutes request. In the following year, the government merged it with the newly founded school, initially the school was situated at Nizamuddin West, and was called National School of Drama and Asian Theatre Institute, whose first batch passed out in 1961. Later when it moved to its present location, he designed two theatres for NSD, including a 200-seat studio theatre, and the open-air Meghdoot theatre. However, the place is known by adjacent Mandi House. In 1999, the School organized its first National Theatre Festival, Bharat Rang Mahotsav, waman Kendre was appointed as Director the school in 2013. He will serve a five-year term and he has done post-graduate with research in folk theatre of Kerala from NSD. He belongs to the nomadic Vanjara tribal community of Marathwada and was one of the lights of the Dalit theatre movement in Maharashtra in the late 1970s. On 16 March 2005, the Government of India granted the NSD the status of deemed university, thus, in October 2011 the status was revoked on request of NSD. The professional performing wing of NSD, the National School of Drama Repertory Company was set up in 1964 and it first head was Om Shivpuri, followed by Manohar Singh, Ram Gopal Bajaj, J. N. Kaushal, Anuradha Kapur, and Suresh Sharma, Sagar Kamble, in 2004, the repertory celebrated its 40th anniversary with a theatre festival in New Delhi. In 1989 NSD established the ‘Theatre-in-Education Company’, called Sanskaar Rang Toli, today it has become Indias premier educational resource centres, the company regularly performs plays for school and adults audiences alike, and has its own yearly theatre festivals, Jashn-e-Bachpan and Bal Sangam. In a bid to decentralize its activities, NSD opened Regional Resource Centres across India, Shah, Manohar Singh, Uttara Baokar, Ratan Thiyam, Prasanna, Surekha Sikri, Naseeruddin Shah, Mohan Maharishi, M. K. Raina, Bansi Kaul, Ram Gopal Bajaj, B, kaushal, Ashok Kumar Giri, Devendra Raj Ankur, Anuradha Kapur, Suresh Bhardwaj, H. V. Sharma, Ranjit Kapoor, V. K. Sharma, Rohini Hattangadi. M. nic. in/NFA_archive. asp Rang yatra, twenty-five years of the National School of Drama Repertory Company, published by National School of Drama,1992. Official website of the NSD Bharat Rang Mahotsav, Official website NSD Alumni - Activities and Associations

18. Dil Kya Kare – Dil Kya Kare is a 1999 Hindi drama film, directed by Prakash Jha and produced by Veeru Devgan and Veena Devgan. The film was acclaimed critically and was an average at the box office, Anand Kishore, an architect, his wife, Kavita, and their only child, an adopted daughter, Neha, live a happy and serene life in Delhi, India. Their happy and lovely life together is turned upside down when Kavita finds out that Neha is being stalked by a woman named Nandita, though Neha insists that Nandita is a sweet Aunty, Kavita is frantic and confronts Nandita. She is then told that Nandita is the mother of Neha. Kavita and Anand had adopted Neha after Kavita was involved in a car crash while pregnant, Nandita requests to spend some time with her daughter, seeing that Neha favors Nandita, Kavita lets her stay in their home. However, deeply buried secrets threaten to surface when Nandita and Anand come face-to-face, with a shock, it is revealed that Anand is actually the biological father of Neha—she is Anand and Nanditas child. They have a history, Anand and Nandita were traveling by train when thugs took over. Anand saved Nandita and the two fell in love, despite not even knowing each others names, and made love together that night. The next morning, Anand awoke to find Nandita gone, while Anand moved on with his life, Nandita became pregnant with his child, unbecoming to him, and was forced to give up her child, Neha, for adoption, due to her unaccounted father. Anand and Nandita hide their past from Kavita at first, though Anand tries many times to meet with Nandita alone and talk to her, soon after however, Kavita finds out the truth and is disgusted with Nandita. Heartbroken, Nandita promises she will leave forever but since she has no one in her life, she requests to take Neha along, Kavita becomes frantic, as she refuses to give up Neha. Anand reluctantly supports Kavita after realizing how desperate she is to keep Neha, when Nandita realizes that Anand and Kavita love Neha, she decides to leave her daughter in their care and go away forever. Anand is shocked at this and runs to the station alone without Kavita. He makes it just in time and he sees Nandita on the moving train, peering at him with tear-filled eyes and watches her leave with a heavy feeling in his heart. The film had a heart in the United States, suffered a financial haemorrhage in the second weekend, grossing $54,000 on screens. But it fared far better in the United Kingdom and it has remained at No 14 there on 22 screens for two weeks. It was one of the biggest films of 1999, grossing 78.48 crore in India and 98.14 crore worldwide, dil Kya Kare at the Internet Movie Database

19. Mela (2000 film) – Mela is a 2000 Indian action masala film directed by Dharmesh Darshan. It stars Aamir Khan, his real-life brother Faisal Khan, and it was one of the biggest box-office failures of the year 2000. The only soldier brother of a woman, Roopa, returns to Chandanpur village to arrange her marriage. A festival is arranged in the happiness of Roopas marriage, however Chandanpurs happiness is short-lived, the leader of the terrorists, Gujjar, murders a politician, and to make matters worse, Roopas beauty catches the eye of Gujjar. However, as Gujjar attempts to escape with the terrified Roopa, her brother comes to her rescue, only to be slain, much to the horror of the village, especially Roopa. Also, her best friend, Gopal, is killed too, Roopa, enraged by the fact that her brother and Gopal are no more, vows vengeance. Gujjar threatens Roopa that she will only be his mistress and will never be able to have a brother nor lover, enraged, Roopa attempts to commit suicide by jumping into a waterfall as she finds it better to kill herself rather than be a mistress. Destiny has other plans as Roopa survives and she steals the clothes of Kishan, Kishan works with his best friend, truck driver, Shankar. When Kishan meets Roopa for the first time, he is smitten by her beauty, Kishan decides to make Roopa the heroine of their dance show, however, Shankar warns him that Roopa will bring them in trouble. With no option, Roopa travels with them, and she tries to escape, but returns when chased by the gang, however, Roopa is saved by Shankar and Kishan. Roopa feigns love for Kishan, who wants to marry her, when Kishan is going to marry Roopa, who feels guilty over her betrayal, led, she tells them her story. Shankar becomes her brother, while Kishan, heartbroken, leaves in disgust, the trap backfires horribly until Kishan returns with a suspended cop Pakkad Singh. The trap is re-set with another carnival and the attack as planned. Roopa is kidnapped and Kishan and Shankar give chase and are captured and taken to Gujjars hideout where they are forced to fight him, eventually with the arrival of Chandanpurs villagers, good prevails and the terrorists meet a gory end. Roopa is united with her brother Shankar and her lover Kishan, at the end Kishan and Roopa get married and while driving their truck, Shankar happens to meet Champakali and Kishan and Roopa watch them. Karishma Kapoor, who had collaborated with Dharmesh Darshan in the 1996 film Raja Hindustani, was first offered the female lead role but due to date issues. The role ultimately went to Twinkle Khanna, aditya Pancholi was signed for villains role but opted out as he did not want to be bare chested throughout the film. Aamir Khan, approached and persuaded A. R. Rahman to do music for the film

20. Shool – Shool is a 1999 Indian action crime drama film written, and produced by Ram Gopal Varma. The soundtrack consisting of Main Aayi Hoon U. P, Bihar Lootne featuring Shilpa Shetty became a chartbuster. The climax of the film was shot at the state Legislative Assembly in Hyderabad. The film won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi, and was screened at the International Film Festival of India, India Today cited the film as the Best Cop Movieof the decade. The film opens with a night telephone call from Patna asking to speak to Bachchu Yadav. Bachchu Yadav lackeys trace their boss to a prostitutes abode, where he receives the telephone and is informed that his party has selected another MLA for the ticket this time. Yadav wastes no time, reaches the newly selected MLAs home, when intimidation fails, Yadavs thugs stabbed the MLA under Yadavs supervision. Meanwhile, Inspector Samar Pratap Singh arrives at Motihari, where he has been transferred as an inspector, with his wife, at the railway station he gets into a confrontation with a coolie. The two have a tiff on the payment of Rs, 30/- to be paid to the coolie for his services, which Singh refuses to pay, as he thinks he is being overcharged. As the situation goes to the verge of fisticuffs, a local police hawaldaar intervenes, not knowing that Singh, too, is a police officer, the hawaldaar tries to manhandle Singh. Infuriated, Singh takes the matter to the station to which he is posted. As Singh writes a complaint against the hawaldaar for harassing an innocent local, Hussain asks Singh to forgive the hawaldaar, to which Singh does not relent. Singh later learns that the Motihari police station runs according to the whims of a politician and criminal, Bachhu Yadav. Singh is an idealist who respects the constitution and the law, but no one follows the law in Motihari, especially the policemen who receive hafta from Yadav to do his bidding. One day, the Deputy Superintendent of Police asks Singh to break up a fight between two gangs and arrest the people who attacked some of Yadavs men. Singh investigates and finds out that Yadavs men are the real culprits, among them are Sudhir Vinod and Lallan singh, so Singh arrests them instead. When the D. S. P. orders Singh to release them, he refuses to do so and this is the first time Singhs superior learns of his real character and express concern over his future. Sub-inspector Hussain, who admits to subjection to Yadav, declares that Singh wont last long in his current job if he continues in his ways

21. Love Ke Liye Kuch Bhi Karega – Love Ke Liye Kuch Bhi Karega, also known as Love Ke Liye Saala Kuch Bhi Karega is a Bollywood crime comedy film directed by E. Nivas and produced by Ram Gopal Varma and Nitin Manmohan. The film stars Saif Ali Khan, Fardeen Khan, Sonali Bendre, Aftab Shivdasani and it released on 29 June 2001. The film is an remake of Ram Gopal Varmas 1993 Telugu film Money. A story about a young businessman, Prakash. He is married to Sapna, who is the daughter of rich businessman. Rajiv Chopra totally hates Prakash, and troubles him all the time, Prakash, who is fed up of being troubled by Chopra, then makes a plan to get Sapna kidnapped to make Rajiv Chopra feel the way he does. He hires two broke strugglers, Rahul and Harry who are to be fake kidnappers and kidnap Sapna, the plan rides successfully, and Chopra believes every bit of it. Rahul and Harry demand Rs.1 crores as the money. As the ransom money has paid, Rahul and Harry set Sapna free and leave her in a forest. Prakash arrives at the forest to pick up Sapna, however he realizes that she has been kidnapped again and this crime caper soon turns into one hilarious joy ride. Love Ke Liye Kuchh Bhi Karega at the Internet Movie Database

22. Kranti (2002 film) – Kranti is a 2002 Indian action drama film directed by Naresh Malhotra. It stars Bobby Deol, Vinod Khanna, Ameesha Patel, Rati Agnihotri, the film is about an honest cop, Abhay Pratap Singh and his father Awadesh Pratap Singh. Abhay defies conventional methods to nab criminals and for this reason has frequent arguments with his father, sanjana enters in Abhays life as a student who is writing a thesis on an honest cop. She falls in love with Abhay and follows him everywhere and this lands her in trouble as she gets shot by a criminal whom Abhay is pursuing. She survives but Abhay tracks the mastermind behind the criminal, Mahendra Singh Rana, Rana is a wealthy industrialist who has ties with politicians and tries to slow down Abhay in his chase. He takes advantage of Abhays confrontations with his father and sets up father against his son, however Awadesh soon realizes Ranas tricks and reconciles with Abhay. Abhay manages to kill Rana and restore peace in the city, ACP Abhay Pratap Singh Vinod Khanna. Commissioner Awadesh Pratap Singh Ameesha Patel, home Minister Sharatchandra Agashe Arun Bakshi. Col. Krishnakanth Kranti at the Internet Movie Database

23. Calcutta Mail – Calcutta Mail is a 2003 Indian thriller film starring Anil Kapoor, Rani Mukerji and Manisha Koirala. It was directed by Sudhir Mishra, the film is a remake of the Telugu film Choodalani Vundi. Avinash comes to Calcutta to search for his son and finds himself engulfed with too many people interested in him. His only lead is a number given to him by a cop before coming to Calcutta. As soon, as he lands in Calcutta, he needs a place to stay, here, he meets Reema aka Bulbul, a bubbly novelist who is supposed to be doing research for her novel. The room that Avinash gets is occupied by Bulbul and she refuses to vacate so Avinash stays there too. Bulbul falls in love with Avinash and becomes the light in his dark life, there are flashbacks throughout the movie. Sanjana and Avinash once lived in Calcutta with their only child, one day, Avinash witnessed a crime being committed and came to the assistance of the victim, taking him to hospital. This did not augur well with his assailants, and they killed Sanjana, the police was involved but was unable to trace the child. A heartbroken and desperate Avinash decides to take matters into his own hands and begins inquiring. His inquiries take him to Mumbai via the Calcutta Mail, and this movie is based on the 1998 Telugu film Choodalani Vundi. Calcutta Mail at the Internet Movie Database

24. Yuva – Yuva, originally titled Howrah Bridge, is an 2004 Indian political drama film directed by Mani Ratnam and released in 2004. The film was shot in Tamil as Aaytha Ezhuthu and in Hindi. The film tells the stories of three men from completely different strata of society and how one fateful incident on Kolkatas Howrah Bridge which changes their lives forever. The narrative of the story is partially in hyperlink format, Lallan Singh is a goon, originally from Bihar but settled in Kolkata, West Bengal because his brother Gopal Singh has left him alone and he had no option of earning back home. He loves, marries and abuses his wife, Shashi Biswas, Michael Mukherjee is an influential student leader who wants politicians like Prosenjit Bhattacharya to keep away from college elections. Michael is in love with his neighbour Radhika who lives with her uncle, Arjun Balachandran is a 20-year-old boy, and the carefree and spoiled son of an IAS officer. He wants to relocate to the U. S. for a better future and he falls in love with Mira, whom he just met. Arjun asks Mira for coffee and takes her to the beach, one day, Arjun and Mira get into a quarrel on the road and Mira gets into an auto. Arjun gets lift from Michael to catch up with Mira, who is going that way, suddenly, Michael is hit by a bullet, and he is saved by Arjun. After talking to Michael, Arjun changes his mind and wants to be a politician, Prosenjit is worried when he hears news of students standing in the election. He uses every possible way to get out of politics. First he provides scholarship of a foreign university to Michael. When Michael refuses the bribe, he orders his goon Gopal Singh to take control, Gopal beats some students but faces very strong retaliation from Michael and his fellow students. After that Lallan Singh takes charge and kills Gopal and he kidnaps Arjun and other candidates. However, they escape with the help of Lallan Singhs ally, Lallan follows Arjun and beats him up. While running, Arjun calls Michael for help and he comes to rescue Arjun at Howrah Bridge. A fight ensues between the 3 men but Lallan overpowers Arjun but is defeated by Michael who chooses to spare him, Lallan is handed to the police. Michael wins the four seats he and his students have contested for

25. Risk (2007 film) – Risk is a 2007 Bollywood film directed by Vishram Sawant. It stars Randeep Hooda, Vinod Khanna, Tanushree Dutta, Zakir Hussain, Yashpal Sharma, the movie is based on the Mumbai underworld. Randeep Hooda plays the role of an honest cop, Suryakant Satam, fighting against the might of a Bangkok-based don Khalid Bin Jamal, the music is provided by Bapi-Tutul, Akbar Sami and Sandesh Shandilya and the lyrics are by Sandeep Nath, Amitabh Verma and Sudhir. The background score is by Amar Mohile, for years, Khalid Bin Jamal has ruled the Mumbai crime underworld by staying in Bangkok, Thailand. Despite his distance from Mumbai, Khalid is able to control his Mumbai empire through keeping his the ruling members of his very close to him. He is also ruthless and shows no hesitation towards his enemies, the Indian police has been trying for years to extradite Khalid to India but in vain. Inspector Suryakant has been in the police force some years and has been keeping track of Khalids activities and he makes up his mind to put an end to Khalids criminal empire and bring Khalid to justice. To do so, he starts carrying out encounters against Jamals henchmen, over the course of a few weeks, Khalids network suffers as his men are simply killed in encounters and raids by Suryakant, who is supported by D. C. P. Khalid becomes increasingly alarmed but comes up with a counter-plan and he arranges for one of his leading associates, the politician Devki Wardhan, to be attacked while Suryakant is arresting her. Her opponent, the Home Minister A. R, Sarang, has been known to be in favour with Suryakant and is blackmailed by Khalid into opening fire on Devki Wardhan. This implicates Suryakant as being an accomplice to Devki Wardhans attempted murder two of Devkis men are shot dead by Suryakant. Soon, a string of allegations that include taking bribes from different crime lords is formed against Suryakant and his plan to capture Khalid with bold moves thus backfires because of Khalids premeditated scheme. The Police Commissioner is close to Devki Wardhan and is against Suryakant, Suryakants love interest Shraddha also does not support him and distances away from him due to his involvement with the underworld. In jail, Suryakant receives messages from Khalid and his image tarnished, Suryakant is offered his police officer position by Khalid as long as he does his bidding. Arbaaz, Khalids hot-headed brother, smells a rat and suspects the designs of Suryakant and he travels to India with Hari without informing Khaled to personally deal with Naidu. Naidu is killed by Arbaaz but suddenly Suryakant reveals his true colours by killing Arbaaz, the supposed death of a Home Minister at the hands of Khalids brother is enough to have Khalid extradited to Mumbai for trial. However, despite all of Suryakants painstaking uncovering of Khalids illicit activities, Khalid heavily bribes the police prosecutor in his favour. Shraddha realizes her folly of not being supportive to Suryakant and asks for his apology, Suryakant is informed that Shraddhas life is in danger and that she will get killed by Khaleds men

26. The Stoneman Murders – The Stoneman Murders is a 2009 Indian Suspense Thriller film based on the real life Stoneman serial killings that made headlines in the early 1980s in Bombay. The hapless victims of the killer, who was never caught, were footpath dwellers in Bombay. They were stoned to death in their sleep, the movie weaves fiction around reality in an attempt to provide answers to the questions around the case. The Stoneman Murders was director Manish Guptas first full-length feature film, the serial killer dubbed Stoneman, pattharmaar by the media has just claimed his fifth victim and the case is still of little interest to the Bombay police. But to suspended sub-inspector Sanjay Shelar this killer poses an opportunity to recover his job from suspension, Sanjay hopes to track the killer down and thus, possibly find an entry back into the police force. The official police investigator of the case, Kedar Phadke, clashes incessantly with Sanjay and they, separately, delve deeper into the case. Sanjay is determined to find the stone-man and he takes the help of his informer Ghanshu. The stoneman is shown to be killing poor people sleeping on streets. All the people on the streets think the killer is a taxi driver Mohammed. His wife Manali is upset with him and thinks that he is having an affair, one night someone throws a stone into Sanjays house through a window. Manali thinks it to be the mischief of boys of the locality, another night the stone-man tries to kill a beggar sleeping on the roadside but is saved by Kedar and some patrolling policemen. Sanjay and his car is spotted by Kedar, Sanjay finds that his investigation house has been visited by the stone-man as he sees vermilion spread everywhere in the room. Sanjay contemplates a possible danger to his wife and asks her to leave for her village and he rushes to the station to get her rail ticket where he encounters the stone-man. Before he can catch him, Kedar shoots him in the thigh, Sanjay escapes and the incident brings him closer to his wife. In a trap laid by the police in the hospital, when Kamble sneaks in to kill Sanjay, he is nabbed and the matter is closed. Satam does not want the case to be revealed to the public, Kamble is shot in an encounter dead and buried in the jungle by Sanjay on the order of Satam. The story ends with showing killings in bombay and calcutta in 1983 and 1987 serial killing in credits. Sanjay is shown to be old in the present day settled with his wife, Kay Kay Menon as Sanjay Shelar, a hot-headed suspended police sub-inspector unofficially investigates the case in the hope of getting back into the police force. Arbaaz Khan as Inspector Kedar Phadke, the investigator who is more interested in winning against Sanjay than in his assignment of tracking down the killer. Vikram Gokhale as AIG Satam, Sanjays senior who comes to his aid by unofficially letting Sanjay continue his investigation, rukhsaar Rehman as Manali, Sanjays wife

27. Aakrosh (2010 film) – Aakrosh is a 2010 Indian action thriller film directed by Priyadarshan. The film has Ajay Devgan, Akshaye Khanna, Bipasha Basu, Paresh Rawal, the film was produced by Kumar Mangat Pathak under the banner of Big Screen Entertainer. The soundtrack of the film has been composed by Pritam and the lyricist is Irshad Kamil, the film features cinematography by Thiru, the production design by Sabu Cyril and the editing by Arun Kumar. Tyag Rajan and R. P Yadav arranged and choreographed the action sequences of the film, the film is based on real happenings in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. This film is heavily inspired by Mississippi Burning. Three friends from Delhi go missing in a small village – Jhanjhar and its two months and there is no clue about their disappearance. The media and students movement demand action from the authorities and its then that the government orders a Central Bureau of Investigation enquiry with officers Sidhant Chaturvedi and Pratap Kumar to solve the case. They find it difficult to solve the case as the local police, Sidhant and Pratap also face Superintendent of police Ajatshatru Singh IPS, a ruthless police officer who misuses his power. Not only that even the locals dont support the investigation and its with the help of Roshni who is the daughter of the village head and also very wealthy, and Geeta, who is Ajatshatrus wife and Prataps former love, that the investigation moves ahead. The suspense behind the three friends is revealed by Geeta who witnessed the killing of these boys by a local politician helped by her husband. This investigation is filled with traps and thrills by Ajatshatru. They try to destroy the name of CBI in number of ways, things get worse when Ajatshatru comes to know about her wife Geeta helping CBI. He then beats Geeta brutally with his belt behind closed doors, Pratap, filled with anger, traps each of the criminals by hacking their respective phones databases and capturing their illicit activities on CCTV cameras. When it is Ajatshatrus turn, Pratap cuts him with a sharp razor and beats him brutally and mercilessly in a salon behind closed doors. The duo also manage to get one of the criminals to believe that the rest of the gang are behind him thinking he is rat, and that he had better become a government witness for their case. The criminal who intimidated was the one who actually was only guilty, in case, only of disposing of. After the trial we see him hiding behind a pillar and still being threatened by the guilty miscreants on their way to prison, the heaviest sentence received was 10 years and the lightest was 3. Obviously justice is blind because there was no sentence passed for the 300 villagers burned alive, the cruel beating of the wife, or the kidnap, abuse. In the end all the criminals are sentenced to imprisonment. But the story does not end there, as everyone is leaving the court, Siddhant slips a revolver into village woman Jhamunias hands, with which she manages to kill all the newly sentenced criminals

28. Knock Out (2010 film) – Knock Out is a Bollywood film directed by Mani Shankar. Released on 15 October 2010, the film stars Sanjay Dutt, Irfan Khan, knock Out is an unauthorized remake of Phone Booth. In October 2010, the Bombay High Court ordered the producers to pay a portion of their revenues to 20th Century Fox who own the rights to Phone Booth. The film was a flop the Indian boxoffice, nikhat Kazmi of The Times of India rated the film 2 out of 5 stars. The films music is given by Gourov Dasgupta with background score by Atul Raninga, the soundtrack has five original tunes, one remix and an alternate version of one song. Knock Out at the Internet Movie Database

29. Red Alert: The War Within – Red Alert, The War Within is an Indian film that released theatrically in India on 9 July 2010. The drama is based on the story of Narasimha who gets caught up in a clash between police and Naxalites and is then forced to work with the latter. Red Alert premiered at the 6th Stuttgart Film Festival in 2009, source for first 12 cast-members, Characters per additional sources. Deputy Inspector General Rathod Naseeruddin Shah, naxalite The Hindi-language film was dubbed into Telugu, Chhattisgarhi and English versions, with all four versions scheduled to be released the same day. Rahul Aggarwal, one of the producers, said all the actors dubbed their English lines themselves, the film was originally scheduled to be completed and released in 2008. The film was not reviewed by a sufficient number of contributing critics to be rated at the review aggregating site Rotten Tomatoes, rachel Saltz of The New York Times said the film seems torn between two storytelling modes, episodic with a documentary flavor and action-driven pulp. She added, For some reason has been dubbed into heavily accented English for American release, frank Lovece of Film Journal International echoed that, saying, the film plays like one of those stiff historical drams that educational-film companies make for schools. Or in this case, an outsourced educational-film company, fully engage with the intricacies of the lead characters internal and moral quandary. Red Alert could have set in Cuba or Ireland - Anant Mahadevan. Red Alert, eye opener on Naxalism, lesson for all, AllVoices. com,30 June 2010

30. Satrangee Parachute – Satrangee Parachute is a Hindi-language film released 25 February 2011. The film revolves around an eight-year-old runaway kid who runs away from his village in Nainital to Mumbai with four of his friends, Pappu, leader of a group of precocious kids, sets off to find a parachute for their visually impaired friend Kuhu. Pappus parents, Chhotulal and Sumitra, worry for him but this is not the first time he has run away, however, the other parents are angry with Pappu for leading their kids astray. When the five children overhear a man buying a parachute, the kids follow him and his friends. The police mistake the five kids as members of the terrorists, the investigating officer Rhino gets nothing from the kids, so his commanding officer takes over. The Times of India gave Satrangee Parachute 2 stars out of 5, saying Why does the worlds biggest film industry dish out the saddest kiddie films, why cant Bollywood go the Hollywood way and treat childrens film as hardcore, high market entertainment. Why must our film makers give the tween and teen film market a step motherly treatment, sadly Satrangee Parachute fails to address any of these questions with its narrative that appeals neither to kids nor to adults. Satrangee Parachute at the Internet Movie Database Official trailer

31. Chittagong (film) – Chittagong is a 2012 Indian historical war drama film directed by Bedabrata Pain. It stars Manoj Bajpayee in the role and is based upon events of British Indias Chittagong Uprising. The film features music by trio Shankar Ehsaan Loy and sound by Resul Pookutty, the world premier of film was on 10 April 2012. Chittagong released on 12 October 2012 and nett grossed Rs 3.1 million at the Indian box office and this movie won the 60th National Film Award for the Best Debut Film of a Director. Chittagong is the story of a diffident 14-year-old boy, Jhunku, swept up into this seemingly impossible mission, the reluctant teenager battles with self-doubts to achieve an improbable triumph. Jhunku, now a 23-year-old youth, is being chased by the Bengal police and he hides himself in a bunker with his childhood friend Aparna. While hiding, he begins to reflect on his past hopes, the story goes to a flashback to narrate the events that happened 10 years ago. In 1930, Surya Sen and his followers are protesting the death of the revolutionary Jatin Das, Jhunku is not allowed to join them by his lawyer father who wants him to study in England. This causes arguments between him and his friends, especially Aparna, Wilkinson is opposed by the police inspector Major Johnson who defies his orders and arrests the protesters, and badly tortures Masterda. In protest, some students hit the police officer Maj. Johnson by spilling oil under his motorbike. Enraged, Johnson makes random enquiries about the culprits but are unsuccessful, however, Wilkinson manages to confirm the truth out of Jhunku, and an enraged Johnson then shoots Sukhen, one of the boys involved. This incident makes Jhunku an outcast amongst his friends, and he determined to avenge the death of Sukhen. Soon afterwards, Johnson is made the DIG of police although Wilkinson had requested his transfer, all his faith on his tutor Sir Wilkinson is lost, and he joins Masterdas army. As per plan, the armoury of the police is captured by a group of revolutionaries led by Ganesh Ghosh and revolutionaries, unfortunately the machine guns are not located. The revolutionaries also dislocate telephone and telegraph communications and disrupt the movement of the trains, the whole town is overjoyed at the success of Indian Republican Army and Chittagong is officially conquered by Surya Sen and his boys for one day. However, reinforcements from Calcutta soon set out to capture the rebels, knowing of the army attack, the revolutionaries leave town before dawn and march towards the Jalalabad hill ranges, looking for a safe place. But the British Armys first wave is demolished by Masterdas teenagers and this enrages the British and they bring in machine guns. Harish, the brother of Lokenath and a friend of Jhunku

32. Paan Singh Tomar (film) – Paan Singh Tomar is a 2012 Indian biographical film based on the true story of the athlete Paan Singh Tomar. A soldier in the Indian Army, he wins a medal at the Indian National Games. The film is directed by Tigmanshu Dhulia and produced by UTV Motion Pictures, Irrfan Khan plays the title role, with Mahie Gill, Vipin Sharma and Nawazuddin Siddiqui in the supporting cast. Made on a budget of ₹45 million, Paan Singh Tomar premiered at the 2010 British Film Institute London Film Festival. The film was released domestically on 2 March 2012 to critical acclaim and emerged as a superhit at the box-office, the film won the Best Feature Film and Best Actor in the 60th National Film Awards 2012. A reporter interviews Paan Singh Tomar, a dacoit who is in the news for killing 9 people of a community, answering questions about himself, the story goes in a flashback in year 1950. Paan Singh works in the Army while his wife and mother live in Morena and he surprises his seniors in the Army with his athletic skills. Though he was not interested in sports, he joins the sports division because there were no limits on their diet, picked for the 5000 metres races training, he was persuaded to run for the 3000 metre steeplechase by his coach. He participates in the Indian National Games and wins the medal in the steeplechase event 7 years in a row. In 1958 he participates in the Asian Games at Tokyo, and he felt frustrated when he was not allowed to go the borders to fight in the 1962 and 1965 wars because sportsmen were not allowed to fight in them. In 1967, he participated in the International Military Games and wins the medal in the steeplechase. His elder brother from his native place visits him and tells about an acquisition by Bhanwar Singh. Paan Singh retires from the Army to settle his family disputes, on arriving home, he tries to resolve the issue with Bhanwar Singh. He seeks help from the District Collector and local police station and his son is beaten badly by Bhanwar Singh and his goons. Paan Singh then orders his son to rejoin the army and stay away from the dispute, Bhanwar Singh and his goons try to kill Paan Singh and his family. Most of his family manages to escape but his mother is brutally murdered, Paan Singh decides to avenge his mothers death. He becomes a baaghi who wreaks havoc in the Chambal Valley and he forms a gang of few people who are his relatives and are in problem because of Bhanwar Singh. Pann Singh then arranges money by extorting the money of kidnapped wealthy businessman of the area to arrange money, then, in order to take revenge for his brother death, he kills an 9 villager of, who became police informers and told police about his hideout

33. IMDb

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